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Friday, November 4, 2011

"The Niqaab in light of the Holy Quran and Sahih Hadith and in the Opinions of the great scholars....·

From the Quran.....··(This tafseer is Agreed upon by Ibn Kathir, Al-Qurtabi and At-Tabari)·
The Noble Qur'an ........·

Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59·

Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers
to draw their cloaks ("Jalabib") veils all over their bodies
(screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way
Tafseer Al-Qurtabi) that is most convenient that
they should be known (as such)
and not molested: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful."º08º·Surah
An-Nur, Verses #30 and #31·

Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from
looking at forbidden things), and protect their private
parts (from illegal sexual acts)
and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent
both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one
eye or dress like °veil, gloves°, head cover, apron),
and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e.
their bodies, °faces°, necks and bosoms) º08º

the Hadith.....·

Al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Hadith # 282·

Safiya bint Shaiba ·(··Radhiallaahu
Ánha)· "Aisha
Ánha)· used
to say: "When (the Verse): "They should draw their veils over their necks
and bosoms," was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges
and° covered their faces° with the cut pieces.º08º
Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 368·

'Aisha ·(Radhiallaahu
Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)·
· ·
used to offer the Fajr prayer and some° believing women covered with
their veiling sheet°s used to attend the Fajr prayer with him and then
they would return to their homes °unrecognized °. º08ºShaikh
Ibn Uthaimin in tafseer of this hadith explains "This hadith makes it clear
that the Islamic dress is concealing of the entire body as explained in
this hadith. Only with the complete cover including the face and
hands can a woman not be recognized. This was the understanding and
practice of the Sahaba and they were the best of group, the noblest in
the sight of Allah (swt) with the most complete Imaan and noblest of characters.
so if the practice of the women of the sahaba was to wear the complete
veil then how can we deviate from their path? (Ibn Uthaimin in the book
"Hijaab" page # 12 and 13)
Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 4, Hadith # 148·

'Aisha ·(Radhiallaahu
The wives of Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· · · used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open
place (near Baqia at Medina) to answer the call of nature at night. 'Umar
used to say to the Prophet "Let your wives be veiled," but Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) · did not do so. One night
Sauda bint Zam'a the wife of the Prophet went out at 'Isha' time and she
was a tall lady. 'Umar addressed her and said, "I have recognized you,
O Sauda." He said so, as he desired eagerly that the verses of Al-Hijab ·
(the observing of veils by the Muslim women) · may be revealed. So Allah
revealed the verses of "Al-Hijab"· (°A complete body cover excluding the
Tirmidhi with a SAHIH chain reports...

º"Rasulullah· · ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· · · said “°All of
a woman is ‘awrah.°” º08ºº(Shaikh
Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid quotes this hadith narrated by Tirmidhi
with a sahih isnaad and says this is a direct hadith from Rasulullahºffº
Álayhi Wasallam ) · and has made it clear that
a woman must cover everything including the face and hands!)ºffº
Dawood Book 14, Hadith # 2482·

Thabit ibn Qays ·(Radhiallaahu
A woman called Umm Khallad came to the Prophet ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· while she was veiled.
She was searching for her son who had been killed (in the battle) Some
of the Companions of the Prophet ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· said to her: You have come here asking
for your son °while veiling your face? She said: If I am afflicted with
the loss of my son, I shall not suffer the loss of my modesty.°
Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)·
said: You will get the reward of two martyrs for your son. She asked: Why
is that so, oh Prophet of Allah? He replied: Because the people of the
Book have killed him.º08º
Dawood Book 32, Hadith # 4090·

Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin ·(Radhiallaahu
When the verse "That they should cast their outer garments over their persons"
was revealed, the women of Ansar came out °as if they had crows over
their heads° by wearing outer garments.º08º
Dawood Book 32, Hadith # 4091·

Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin ·(··Radhiallaahu
Ánha) · "May
Allah have mercy on the early immigrant women. When the verse "That they
should draw their veils over their bosoms" was revealed, they tore their
thick outer garments and made veils from them. º08ºIbn
Hajar Al-Asqalanee, who is known as Ameer Al-Mu'mineen in the field of
Hadith, said that the phrase, "covered themselves", in the above Hadith
means that they "covered their faces". ·[Fath Al-Bari].·
Malik's MUWATTA Book 20 Hadith # 20.5.16·

related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Fatima bint al-Mundhir
said, "We used to veil our faces when we were in Ihram in the company of
Asma bint Abi Bakr As-Siddiq ·(··Radhiallaahu
Ánha)·. "Thisº08ºº
again proves that not only the wives of Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· · · wore the Niqaab and that even
though in Ihram women are not supposed to wear Niqaab but if men are there
they still have to cover the face.ºffº
Dawood Book 10, Hadith # 1829·

Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: ·(Radhiallaahu Ánha)·
who said, "The riders would pass us while we were with the Messenger of
Allah· · ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)··.·
When they got close to us, we would draw our outer cloak from our heads
over our faces. When they passed by, we would uncover our faces.º08º

by Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah, Narrated 'Aisha. [In his work Jilbab
al-Marah al-Muslimah, al-Albani states (p. 108) that it is hasan due to
corroborating evidence. Also, in a narration from Asma · {who was not
the wife of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)},· Asma also
covered her face at all times in front of men.] Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin
in his tafseer of this hadith explains "This hadith indicates the compulsion
of the concealing of the faces as an order of Shariah, because during the
Ihram it is "wajib" (compulsory) NOT to wear the Niqaab. So if it
was only mustahab (recommended) to cover the face then Aisha and Asma (Radhiallaahu
Ánha) would have taken the wajib over the mustahab.
It is well known by the Ullima that a wajib can only be left because of
something that is also wajib or fardh. So Aisha and Asma ·(Radhiallaahu
Ánha) ·covering the face even in Ihram in the presence
of strange (ghairMahraam) men shows that they understood this to be an
act that was wajib or fardh or they would not have covered the face in
Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 72, Hadith # 715·

'Ikrima ·(Radhiallaahu Ánhu) ·narrates
"Rifa'a divorced his wife whereupon 'AbdurRahman bin Az-Zubair Al-Qurazi
married her. 'Aisha said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil." º08ºIt
is a very long hadith but the point is the women of Sahaba wore the full
·Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book
8, Hadith # 347·

ºNarrated Um 'Atiya ·(Radhiallaahu
Ánha)· We were ordered (by Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)· to
bring out our menstruating women and veiled women in the religious gatherings
and invocation of Muslims on the two 'Eid festivals. These menstruating
women were to keep away from their Musalla. A woman asked, "O Allah's Apostle
' What about one who does not have a veil · (the veil is the complete cover
with only one eye or two eyes showing)·?" He said, "Let her share the veil
of her companion."º08º ºShaikh
Ibn Uthaimin in tafseer of this hadith explained "This hadith proves that
the general norm amongst the women of the Sahaba ·(Radhiallaahu
was that no woman would go out of her home without a cloak, fully concealed
and if she did not posses a veil, then it was not possible for her to go
out. it was for this reason that when Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· ordered them to go to the Place
for Eid Salah, they mentioned this hindrance. As a result Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)· said that someone should lend
her a veil, but did not say they could go out without it. If Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)· did not allow women to go to
a place like the Eid Salah, which has been ordered by Shariah for women
and men alike, then how can people let women to out to market places and
shopping centers without where there is open intermingling of the sexes,
without a veil. (by Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in the book "Hijaab" page
# 11)ºffº
Al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 76, Hadith # 572·

the end of this very long hadith it quotes Anas ·(Radhiallaahu
rates from Rasulullah
·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· "and if one of the women of Paradise
looked at the earth, she would fill the whole space between them (the earth
and the heaven) with light, and would fill whatever is in between them,
with perfume, °and the veil of her face is better than the whole world
and whatever is in it."° º08ºThis
show that even the women of Junnah have veils and the word veil is what
covers the face (niqaab).
Dawood Book 33, Hadith # 4154, Agreed upon by Nasai·

º Aisha(Radhiallaahu
narrates that on one occasion a female Muslim wanted to give a letter to
the Holy Prophet ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)·, the letter was
delivered to the Holy Prophet ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· °from behind
a curtain.°

ºNote: Quoted in the famous book
the Mufasereen of hadith have explained that the hadith where women came
up to Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)· · · face to face were before the
ayah "And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from
behind a screen, that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts." (Surah
Al­Ahzâb ayah # 53) And this hadith proves this order is
for the whole Ummah not just for the wives of Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)!·ºffº
Dawood Book 2, Hadith # 0641·

Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin · (Radhiallaahu·· Ánha)·
"Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) ·
"Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless
she wears a veil."º08º
Al-Bukhari Volume 9, Book 89, Hadith # 293·

'Aisha ·(Radhiallaahu Ánha)·
· ·
Utba bin Abi Waqqas said to his brother Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas, "The son of
the slave girl of Zam'a is from me, so take him into your custody." So
in the year of Conquest of Mecca, Sa'd took him and said. (This is) my
brother's son whom my brother has asked me to take into my custody." 'Abd
bin Zam'a got up before him and said, (He is) my brother and the son of
the slave girl of my father, and was born on my father's bed." So they
both submitted their case before Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)·. Sa'd said, "O Allah's
Apostle! This boy is the son of my brother and he entrusted him to me."
'Abd bin Zam'a said, "This boy is my brother and the son of the slave girl
of my father, and was born on the bed of my father." Rasulullah· · ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· said, "The boy is for
you, O 'Abd bin Zam'a!" Then Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· further said, "The child
is for the owner of the bed, and the stone is for the adulterer," °∙Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)∙ then said to Sauda
bint Zam'a, "Veil (screen) yourself before him,"
he saw the child's resemblance to 'Utba. The boy did not see her again
till he met Allah. note°º08ºº:
This hadith proves Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)·
· ·
did infact order the veil to be observed.ºffº
Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 65, Hadith # 375·

Anas ·(··Radhiallaahu
Ánhu) · I
know (about) the Hijab (the order of veiling of women) more than anybody
else. Ubai bin Ka'b used to ask me about it. Allah's Apostle became the
bridegroom of Zainab bint Jahsh whom he married at Medina. After the sun
had risen high in the sky, the Prophet invited the people to a meal. Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam)· remained sitting and some
people remained sitting with him after the other guests had left. Then
Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)·
got up and went away, and I too, followed him till he reached the door
of 'Aisha's room. Then he thought that the people must have left the place
by then, so he returned and I also returned with him. Behold, the people
were still sitting at their places. So he went back again for the second
time, and I went along with him too. When we reached the door of 'Aisha's
room, he returned and I also returned with him to see that the people had
left. Thereupon °Rasulullah °°·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· hung a curtain between
me and him and the Verse regarding the order for (veiling of women) Hijab
was revealed.°º08º
Dawood Book 32, hadith # 4100·

ºNarrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin· ·
Ánha)·: I was with Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· while Maymunah
was with him. Then Ibn Umm Maktum came. This happened when we were ordered
to observe veil. Rasulullah· · ·(Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam)· said: Observe veil
from him. We asked: oh Rasulullah! is he not blind? He can neither see
us nor recognize us. Rasulullah ·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· said:
Are both of you blind? Do you not see him?º08º

opinions of the great scholars about the Niqaab...

º ·From
the Sahaba (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma)
Ábbaas ·(Radhiallaahu Ánhu)··,·
was one of the most knowledgeable companions of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam), Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)
even made duwaa for him saying "O Allah, make him acquire a deep understanding
of the religion of Islam and instruct him in the meaning and interpretation
of things."·ºffº

Jarir ·(Rahimahullah)· with an
authentic chain of narrators has quoted Ibn Abbaas' ·(Radhiallaahu
Án)· opinion was "that the Muslim women are
ordered to cover their head and °faces° with outer garments except
for one eye." · (This is quoted in the Ma'riful Qur'an in the tafseer of
Surah Ahzaab ayah # 33, with reference of Ibn Jarir with a °sahih°
chain of narrators).· º08ºThe
Tabiee Ali Bin Abu Talha explained that this was the last opinion of Ibn
Abbas and the other opinions quoted from him were from before Surah Al-Ahzaab,
Verse #59 and the order of the "Jalabib".
Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin commented
on this saying of Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) by saying "This
statement is "Marfoo" and in shariah that is the same category as a hadith
which is narrated directly from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam). The quote of
Ibn Abbas is quoted by many tabi'een like Ali Ibn Abu Talha and Ibn Jarir
in Ma'riful Quran by Mufti Muhammad Shafi vol.7 pg.217 and also in Tafseer
Ibn Jarir, Vol. 22, pg.29 and also by Imaam Qurtabi all with SAHIH Chains
and explained in the book "Hijaab" by Ibn Uthaimin, Page # 9 and authenticated
in the book "Hijaab wa Safur"by Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)
on page #11 and by Shaikh AbdulAziz bin Bazz (Rahimahullah) on page
# 55 and 60 )
Ibn Mas'ud ·(Radhiallaahu Ánhu) Who was
known as the most knowledgeable Sahabi in matters of Shariah. He
became Muslim when he was a young kid and ever since that he stayed
with Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) and gained the understanding
of Quran from him. Umar Ibn Khattab (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said
about him "By Allah, I don't know of any person who is more qualified in
the matters dealing with the Quran than Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud"·ºffº

the word Jilbaab (as mentioned in the Quran Surah Ahzaab ayah # 59 ) means
a cloak which covering the entire body °including the head, face
and hands. °º°(Quoted°
from Ibn Taymiyyah ·(Rahimahullah)· in his book on fatwaas
Page# 110 Vol # 2 and By Shaikh Ibn Uthamin in the book Hijaab Page # 15)ºffººAisha
ºffº·(Radhiallaahu Ánha)· Stated
that in verse 30 and 31 of Surah An Nur "What has been allowed to be shown
is the hands, bangles and rings but the °face must be covered°.º(Quoted
by Shaikh Abdul A'la Maududi in the book Purdah P# 195 and in his Tafseer of
Quran under the tafseer of Surah An Nur)ºffº
Ubaidah Salmani ·(Radhiallaahu Ánhu)·,
other well known Sahabi is quoted saying ºffºº"Jilbaab
should fully cover the women's body, so that nothing appears but one eye
with which she can see." (Tafseer Al-Qurtubi) And In the time of Rasulullah
Álayhi Wasallam) "The women used to don their
cloaks (Jilbaabs) over their heads in such a manner that only the eyes
were revealed in order to see the road." º08º(The
Book "Hijaab" page # 9)


bin Abu Sufyan bin al-Harith·('Radhiallaahu Ánhu'
An' Other well known and knowledgeable Companion of Rasulullah )·ºffº
Muhammad bin Sirin ·(Rahimahullah) One of the most
knowledgeable tabi'een)·º08º said º"When
I asked Ubaida bin Sufyan bin al-Harith ·('Radhiallaahu An')
· how the jalbaab was to be worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling
a sheet of cloth over his head to cover his entire body, leaving the left
eye uncovered. This was also the explanation of the word 'Alaihinna in
this verse" º08º(Commentary
by Ibn Jarir and Ahkam-ul-Quran, Vol.3, p.457 also in "hijaab wa Safur"
quoted by Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz under the chapter of his fatwaa on
hijab on page #54)From
the Tabi 'een.. º·Hassan
Al Basri (Rahimahullah) ·ºffºStates
in his tafseer of the Surah
An-Nur, "What a woman is allowed to show in this Ayah implies to
those outer garments (not the face or hands)· ·which the woman puts on to
cover her internal decoration (her beauty).º(Quoted
in the book "Purdah" P#194 )ºffº
Jarir (Rahimahullah) Quotes the
opinion of Ibn Ábbaas

has enjoined upon all Muslim Women that when they go out of their homes
under necessity, they should cover their faces by drawing a part of their
outer garments over their heads." (Tafseer
Ibn Jarir, VOL 22, pg.29)
Tabi'ee, Qatadah (Rahimahullah)ºffº

that the Jilbab should be wrapped and fixed from above the forehead and
made to cover the nose, (although the eyes are to show) and the chest and
most of the face are to be covered.
Tabi'ee Ali bin Abu Talha (Rahimahullah)ºffº

from Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) that he used to say it was allowed
to show the hands and face when Surah Nur ayah #31 was revealed °but
after Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59 with the word "Jalabib" was revealed then
after this Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said that That the
Muslim women are ordered to cover their head and faces with outer garments
except for one eye." ° And this was also the opinion of Ibn Mas'ud
(Radhiallaahu Ánhu). (This
is quoted by Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) in his book of fatwaa and by
Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (Rahimahullah) in the book "Hijaab wa Safur"
Page # 60)
Muhammad bin Sirin (Rahimahullah) One of the most
knowledgeable tabi'een)ºffº

I asked Ubaida bin Sufyan bin al-Harith ('Radhiallaahu
Ánhu' Other well known and knowledgeable Companion of Rasulullah)
the meaning of this verse about "Alaihinna" and how the jalbaab was to
be worn, he demonstrated it to me by pulling a sheet of cloth over his
head to cover his entire body, leaving the left eye uncovered. This was
also the explanation of the word 'Alaihinna in this verse"º08º(Commentary
by Ibn Jarir and Ahkam-ul-Quran, Vol # 3, p.457 also in "hijaab wa Sufor"
quoted by Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz under the chapter of his fatwaa on
hijab on page #54)
the Mufasireen of Quraan...
Mufassir, Imaam Al-Qurtubi (Rahimahullah)ºffº,

in his Tafseer of the Ayah on Jilbaab (Al-Ahzab 33:59), that the Jilbaab
is: "a cloth which covers the entire body... Ibn 'Abbaas (Radhiallaahu
Ánhu)º08ºº ºffººand
'Ubaidah As-Salmaani º08ºº(Radhiallaahu
Ánhu) said that it is to be fully wrapped around
the women's body, so that nothing appears but one eye with which she can
see." º08º(Tafseer Al-Qurtubi
Surah Al-Ahzab ayah # 59. This was also agreed upon by ∙Imam WahidiImam
Neishapuri ∙in the book of tafseer of Quran "Gharaib -ul-Quran" and
"Ahkam-ul-Quran", ∙Imam Razi,∙ in his tafseer of Surah Azhab in the
book "Tafsir-i-Kabir" ∙Imam Baidavi ∙in his tafseer of Quran "Tafsir-i-Baidavi"
and by ∙Abu Hayyan∙ in "Al-Bahr-ul-Muhit" and by ∙Ibn Sa'd Muhammad
bin Ka'b Kuradhi∙ and they have all descirbed the use of jalbaab more
or less in the SAME way as the two described by Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaahu
from Imaam Qurtubi (Rahimahullah)ºffº

his Al-Jamia li Ahkaamul Qurãn states: "All women are in effect
covered by the terms of the verse which embraces the Sharée principle
that the whole of a woman is ‘Áwrah’ (to be concealed) – her face,
body and voice, as mentioned previously. It is not permissible to expose
those parts except in the case of need, such as the giving of evidence…"
li Ahkaamul Qurãn")
and Ibn Al-Mundhir

the method of wearing the jalbaab according to Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaahu
Ánhu) and Qatadah (Radhiallaahu
Ánhu). The sheet should be wrapped around from
the top, covering the forehead, then bringing one side of the sheet to
the face° below the eyes so that most of the face and the upper body
is covered. This will leave both eyes uncovered (which is allowed in necessity).º08º(Rul-ul-Ma'ani,
Vol 22, p.89)
Kathir (Rahimahullah) said...ºffº

must not display any part of their beauty and charms to strangers except
what °cannot possibly be concealed°." (Quoted
by Mufti Ibrahim Desi in his article on hijaab)
Abul A'la Maududi (Rahimahullah) In his tafseer of
Surah Azhab ayah #59ºffº

"In verse 59 the third step for social reform was
taken. All the Muslim women were commanded that they should come out well
covered with the outer garments and covering their faces whenever they
came out of their houses for a genuine need." (From
Tasfeer of Quran by Maoulana Abul A'la
Maududi in tafseer of ayah # 59 of Surah Al-Ahzaab)

Behind the Niqab - Cairo, Egypt
the 4 Madhabib (4 madhabs).......·

Anwar Ali Adam Al Mazahiri (Mufti A'azam (Head Mufti)
of Madrasa Madinatil Uloom Trinidad & Tobago.)·ºffº

Shafi, Malik and Hanbal hold the view that niqaab · (covering the face··
the hands completely with only a small area for the eyes to see) · as

∙°compulsory ·
(fard)·°∙·.· Imam Abu Hanifa says that niqaab is ∙°Wajib°∙
and the face and hands can be exposed provided that there is not fear of
desire if one looks at the female face, otherwise if there is the slightest
chance of desire developing in the looker ·(the meaning of desire is that
the looker would see the female face and think that she is beautiful, sexual
thaught is not what is meant)· then exposing the face and hands is∙°

is from the fatwaa issued by Mufti Anwar Ali Adam Al Mazahiri on
13/9/99. He derived the opnions of the 4 Imaams from these
sources °Tafseer Ibn Katheer°, °Tafseer Ma'rifatul Qur'aan°,
Muhtaar°, °Fatawa Shami°, °Al Mabsoot°, °Fathul Qadeer.
the opinion of Imaam Abu hanifah is a directly derived from his statements
in the Famous book of hanafi Fiqh Fatwaa Shami)
AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (One of the greatest scholars of
our times. He passed away 26th of Muharram 1420 Hijrah. (12th of May 1999)
Rahimahullah. He belonged to the∙ °Hanbali°∙° School
of jurisprudence.)°·ºffº"It
is compulsory for a woman to cover her face in front of non mahram men"(This
has been quoted in Shaikh Bin Bazz's pamphlet on Hijab and in the book
'Islamic Fatwas regarding Women' and in the Arabic version of the book
"hijaab Wa Safur" page #51)
Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)·ºffº

that the correct opinion for the Hanbali and Malki madhaib is that is is
wajib to cover everything except one or two eyes to see the way.

the Arabic book "Hijaab wa Safur" under the fatwaa of Ibn Taymiyyah on
hijaab, page # 10)
Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid·

ºQuotes All of the woman is awrah
based on the hadith of "Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) said “°All of a woman
is ‘awrah.°” (Narrated by Tirmidhi with a °sahih° º08ºisnaad).This
is the correct view according to the madhhab of the Hanbalis, one of the
two views of the Maalikis and one of the two views of the Shaafa’is. ·(Quoted
in his book of fatwaa and on his web site)·
Ulama Junbi Africa sated that the proper opinion for·° · the Hanafi madhab
is that · °ºffºº"A woman must be properly
and thoroughly covered in a loose outer cloak which totally conceals her
entire body including
°her face!"°º08º

from the book Islamic Hijab by Jamiatul Ulama P.12)
Rasheed Ahmad Ludhyanvi (Rahimahullah, one of the
Muftis of the hanafi Madhab of his time°∙° This opinion is
taken to be the correct opinion of the hanafi madhab today°)·ºffº

in his tafseer of Surah Al-Ahzaab, Verse #59. "Allah
Ta'ala is telling them that whenever out of necessity they have togo out,
they should cover themselves with a large cloak and draw a corner of it
over their faces so that they may not be recognised.

his article "A Detailed, analytical review on the Shar'ee hijab")
the known and respect authentic Ullima.......

Al-Hazam (Rahimahullah)ºffº

arabic language, the language of the Prophet (saw), the word jilbaab (as
mentioned in the Quran Surah Ahzaab ayah # 59) means the outer sheet which
covers the °entire body°. A sheet smaller than that which would cover
the entire body, cannot be catagrized as jilbaab. (Al-Muhallah,
Vol 3. Pg 217)
Al-Mandhur (Rahimahullah)ºffº

is plural for Jilbaab. Jalbaab is actually the outer sheet/coverlet which
a woman wraps around, on top of her garments to cover herself from head
to toe. This covers the body entirely."º08ºº ºffº(Lisan
ul-Arab, VOL 1. Pg.273)
Hajar Al-Asqalanee (Rahimahullah)ºffº

tradition reported on the authority of Aisha (Radhiallaahu
says: "A woman in a state of Ihram (during Hajj and Umrah) should stretch
her head cloth over to her °face° to hide it." º08º(In
Fathul Bari, chapter on Hajj)
Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)

used to room about without Cloaks (Jilbaabs) and men used to see their
faces and hands, but when the verse stating 'O Prophet! Tell your wives
and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks
over themselves.' (Surah Al-Ahzaab,Verse #59)was
reveled, then this was prohibited and women were ordered to wear the Jilbaab.
Then Ibn Tayimiyyah goes on to say "The word Jilbaab means a sheet which
Ibn Mas'ud (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) explained as a cloak covering the
entire body including the head, face and hands. Therefore,
it is not permissible for the women to reveal the face and hands in public.
Taymiyyah's book on fatwaas Page# 110 Vol # 2 also in the book Hijaab Page
# 15)
AbdulAziz Bin Bazz (Rahimahullah)ºffº

to the understanding of the best generations (the "Salaf") after the ayah
of hijaab was revealed than Muslims women must cover everything including
the face and hands. they can show one eye or two eyes to see the
way. this was the opnion held by many of the sahaba like Ibn Abbaas,
Ibn Masud, Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma)
and others and this opnion was upheald by the Tab'ieen who followed than
as Ali bin Abi Talha and Muhammad bin Sirin (Rahimahullah)
and by the ritious ullima who followed them as Ibn Taymiyyah and Imaam
Ahmed bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah)"º08ºº
(Quoted from the book "hijaab wa Sufor")ºffº
Abubakar Jassas (Rahimahullah)ºffº

"This verse of Surah Ahzab shows that the young women when going out of
their homes are ordered to °cover their faces° from strangers (non-mahram
men), and cover herself up in such a manner that may express modesty and
chastity, so that people with evil intentions might not cherish hopes from
her". (Ahkum Al-Quran,
VOL. III, p.48)
Ghazaali (Rahimahullah) ºffºº"Woman
emerged (during the time of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) with °NIQAABS° on their
Faces" º08º(From his famous
book of Fiqh "Ihyaal Uloom")
Al-Baidaviºffºº º08º(Rahimahullah)

let down over them a part of their outer garments" means that they should
draw a part of their outer garment in front of their face and cover themselves"
Vol 4, p.168)
Binoria Pakistan (This is a Question and Answer from
a Mufti at one the highly respected hanafi Islamic Universites of Pakistan)ºffº

which conditions are women allowed to leave the home?º08º

command for women is that they should remain in their home and should not
go out without any extreme need because mischief is feared in their going
out. However if they have to go out in extreme necessity then they
should go with a Mahram and duly covered in° Burqa' °(a "Burqa" covers
the whole body including the hands and face) or large overlay so that their
body including their cloths should not be visible and after buying the
required article they should come back at once. In this condition there
is no Haraam.º08º
is also stated in the Famous books of Fiqh Durrul Mukhtar...

women are prohibited from revealing °their faces °in the presence
of men."
Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Rahimahullah) states
in his famous book of Hanafi Fiqh "Bahishti Zewar."ºffº

is not permissible for a young woman to expose her face in the presence
of ghayr mahrams, nor should she stand in a place where she could be observed.
We learn from this, that the custom of exposing the bride's face in public
where all the men can observe her is also not permissible. To do so is
a major sin." (º08ºBahishti
Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid (One of the great scholars
of out time.ºffº

here for the full fatwaa on covering the face and who can you uncover the
face infront of-->Fatwaa
on niqaab

most correct opinion, which is supported by evidence, is that it is °obligatory°
to cover the face, therefore young women are forbidden to uncover their
faces in front of non-mahram men in order to avoid any mischief"

other fatwaa when he was asked about is it preferred for sisters to wear
the niqab, he said....

fact is that it is °obligatory° for women to cover their faces"
as to how to wear the niqaab the Shaikh said
"A woman may uncover her left eye in order to see where she is going, and
if necessary she may uncover both eyes. The opening should only be wide
enough for the eyes."

Yet in an other Fatwaa he explained
what was the Awrah of a woman with...º"Rasulullah
·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· · · said “°All of a woman is ‘awrah.°”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi with a saheeh º08ºisnaad).This
is the correct view according to the madhhab of the Hanbalis, one of the
two views of the Maalikis and one of the two views of the Shaafa’is.

ibn Uthaimin

What is the Islamic hijab?º08º

The Islamic hijab is for the women to cover everything that is forbidden
for her to expose. That is, she covers everything that she must cover.
The first of those bodily parts that she must cover is her face. It is
the source of temptation and the source of people desiring her. Therefore,
the woman must cover her face in front of those men that are not mahram.
As for those of who claim that the Islamic hijab is to cover the head,
shoulders, back, feet, shin and forearms while allowing her to uncover
her face and hands, this is a very amazing claim. This is because it is
well known that the source of temptation and looking is the face. How can
one say that the Shariah does not allow the exposure of the foot of the
woman while it allows her to uncover her face? It is not possible that
there could be in the Esteemed, Wise and Noble Shariah a contradiction.º08º( 'Islamic Fatwas regarding Women' Page # 289)
Jamaal Zarabozo·ºffº
Surah Al-Ahzab, verse 59, Allah has ordered the believing women to wear
a jilbab. A jilbab as defined in all the books of tafseer is a cloak that
covers the woman's body from the top of her head to her feet. It is also
described in those books, form the scholars of the earliest generation
that after that verse was revealed, the women would completely cover themselves,
leaving, for example, just one eye exposed so they can see the road. Hence,
this is the outer garment of the woman that she must wear when she is in
front of men she is not related to.
Ibn Jibreen·

I am married to a woman who wears, praise to Allah, hijab. However, as
is the custom in my country, she does not wear hijab in front of her sister's
husband and her sister does not wear hijab in my presence. This is the
custom. Furthermore, my wife does not wear hijab in the presence of my
brother or her cousins. Does this go against the Shariah and religion?
What can I do while it has become the custom in my country not to wear
hijab in the presence of those people that I mentioned. If I tell my wife
to wear hijab in front of those people, she will accuse me of not trusting
her and being suspicious about her and so forth.º08º

All of those groups of men that you mentioned in the question are not mahram
for her. ∙°It is not allowed for her to uncover her face°∙
and beauty in front of them. Allah has only allowed her to uncover in front
of the mahram men mentioned in the verse in surah al-Nur,º08º

the believing women] not to reveal their adornments except to their husbands,
their fathers ......" (al-Nur 31).

you should convince your wife that it is forbidden to uncover her face
in front of non-mahram men. Make her abide by that even if it goes against
the customs of your people and even if she makes accusations against you.
You should also make this point clear to your close relatives that you
mentioned, that is, the brethren of the husband, the husband of the sister,
the cousins and so forth. All of them are non-mahram and they all may marry
her if she gets divorced. º("Islamic Fatwas regarding Women")ºffºº·Shaikh
Abul A'la Maududi ··(Who was the founder of "Jamat-ul-Islami"
also a known and respect scholar of the Hanafi madhab)· ºffº“A
person who considers carefully the wordings of the Quranic verses, their
well-known and genreally accepted meaning and the practice during the time of
the Holy Prophet º·(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· · ·cannot dare deny the fact that the
islamic Shari'ah enjoins on the woman to hide her face from the other people and
this has been the practice of the Muslim women ever since the time of the Holy
Prophet· ··(Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)· · ·himselfº08º” (In
the book "Purda" by Shaikh Abul A'la Maududi P# 199 )

Refutations from Shaikh Ibn

This is taken from the book "Hijaab"
by Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin from Saudi Arabia. Printed by Madrasah Arabia
Islamia Azaadville-South Africa.

Translated by Hafedh Zaheer Essack,
Rajab 1416 (December 1995)

The Ullima who are of the opinion that it is permissible
to look at the face and hands of a strange woman (who is not mahrrum) say
so mainly for the following reasons.
The hadith of Aisha º(Radhiallaahu
Ánha)º08º when Asmaa º(Radhiallaahu
Ánha)º08º the daughter of Abu Bakr came
to the Rasulullah (ºSallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam)º08º while wearing thin clothing. He approached
her and said: 'O Asmaa! When a girl reaches the menstrual age, it is not
proper that anything should remain exposed except this and this. He pointed
to the face and hands. ºBut this hadith is °WEAK°
because of 2 main weaknesses.ºffº

º1. There is no link between Aisha
Ánha) and Khalid bin Dareek, who narrated
the hadith from her. And in every chain of narrators Khalid bin Dareek
is mentioned.ºffº

2. In the chain os narrators
Sa'eed bin Basheer appears, who is known by most of the Muhaditheen as
being a weak narrator. This has been mentioned by Imaam Ahmad bin
Hanbal (Rahimahullah), An-Nasai (Rahimahullah),
Ibn Madeeni (Rahimahullah) and
Ibn Ma'een (Rahimahullah).
This is also why Imaam Bukhari (Rahimahullah)
Muslim (Rahimahullah)
not except this hadith to be in their books.

(From Shaikh Ibn Uthaimin in the book "Hijaab" pages
# 17 and 18.)
We also have to see that the Muhadith
Abu Dawood when he quoted this hadith put with it that it is °Musal
°(with a broken chain that does not lead up to the Sahaba).

º(From The Book "Hijaab wa Safur"
under tha fatwaa of Shaikh AbulAziz Bin Bazz on Page #61.º08º Also stated
as being weak by Shaikh Nasirudden Al-Albaani in his Daeef Sunan Abu Dawud
in Kitab-ul-Libas under hadeeth number 4092 (which is the original hadeeth
number.) It has also been mentioned in the magazine called "Al Hijrah"
that Ullima agree this hadith is weak.)
ºAn other thing that shows the weakness
of this hadith is that after the ayah for hijab (Surah
Al-Ahzaab – Verse #59) was
revealed then the women of Sahaba wore a complete veil and covered the
faces and hands. This includes Asmaa
Ánha) the daughter of Abu Bakr, who is
supposed to have narrated this hadith. Asmaa (Radhiallaahu
herself completly including tha face, this has been narrated in authentic
hadith in Imaam maliks "MUWATTA Book 20 Hadith # 20.5.16."ºffº

Veiled Muslim women at Petra

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